Earth Day Gifts / February 24, 2019 / Cecelia Montgomery
Providing children with holiday related crafts especially for lesser known or observed holidays like Earth Day can really help them to get a sense of what the day should mean to them and at a time when lack of natural resources and damage to the environment are such strong topics Earth Day is a great place to start implementing such educational projects and crafts. What is Earth Day? While you have probably heard the words "Earth Day" did you know there are two observations of Earth Day? The United Nations celebrates on the equinox; hundreds of countries celebrate Earth Day annually on April 22nd.
In 1962 marine biologist Rachel Carson published Silent Spring. The book talked about the commonly used toxic pesticides used in agriculture and daily life. The title referred to the consequences of the devastating pesticides: a world without birds. Surprisingly Silent Spring became a hit. Americans cared and they wanted the facts. In 1968 the world saw the entire Earth for the first time. Apollo astronauts photographed the planet on their flight home from the moon. The Earth looked beautiful with its swirls of blues and whites. The photo provided a startling awareness: people saw Earth as vulnerable and needing human care.
Approximately 20 million people celebrated the first Earth Day. In America participation was high in schools which ten thousand grade schools and high schools two thousand colleges participating. Amazing numbers considering the event started as a grassroots movement. Government Actions The strength of the Earth Day movement was clear to legislatures. Following Earth Day s success the U.S. government passed laws that targeted cleaner living. In 1970 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was established. The Clean Air Act followed with a focus on reducing air pollution with the Clean Water Act doing likewise for water clean-up in 1972. The U.S. also passed the Endangered Species Act to protect animals from extinction.