Earth Day Gifts / February 23, 2019 / Cindy Navarro
In 1962 marine biologist Rachel Carson published Silent Spring. The book talked about the commonly used toxic pesticides used in agriculture and daily life. The title referred to the consequences of the devastating pesticides: a world without birds. Surprisingly Silent Spring became a hit. Americans cared and they wanted the facts. In 1968 the world saw the entire Earth for the first time. Apollo astronauts photographed the planet on their flight home from the moon. The Earth looked beautiful with its swirls of blues and whites. The photo provided a startling awareness: people saw Earth as vulnerable and needing human care.
Wanting the U.S. government to take an active role in environmental concerns Nelson presented the idea for a national conservationist tour to President Kennedy who supported the idea. While President Kennedy s tour did not turn environmental issues into mainstream conversations it was a beginning in changing America s role in environmental issues. Nelson was inspired by college campuses widespread Vietnam protests or teach-ins. He thought a nationwide conservationist teach-in would get more Americans involved in environmental issues. Nelson presented his Earth Day idea to other government officials and news organizations.
Earth Day is Born In 1969 John McConnell promoted Earth Day as a global celebration of Earth s gifts. The equinox seemed fitting time as it was the mid-point of spring and autumn across the hemispheres. A peace activist McConnell first presented his Earth Day idea to an audience at the UNESCO Conference on the Environment. He wanted Earth Day to be a global holiday where the world celebrates Earth s wonders and gifts. On March 21 1970 cities across the globe celebrated Earth Day. McConnell created an Earth Day proclamation that called upon people to take action against crises of the world such as famine war and poverty.