Earth Day Gifts / February 24, 2019 / Eve Owen
The proclamation also stated that participants would celebrate an international Earth Day to create a single community and embrace Earth s gifts. The proclamation was endorsed by well-known people and leaders around the world: astronaut Buzz Aldrin anthropologist Margaret Mead inventor-scientist Buckminister Fuller Japanese environmental scientist Y. Fukushima American senators U.N. President S.O. Adebo and UN Secretary-General Thant. In April of 1970 the world celebrated another Earth Day event. The April 22nd event also began as a way to spread awareness of environmental issues. American Senator and conservationist Gaylord Nelson had actively toured the U.S. in the mid 1960 s with an environmental awareness agenda.
This festival is called Pathare Pravu meaning Mother s Day. The festival follows the legend of a mother whose children never used to live beyond the first year of their birth. The Pathare Pravu Mother s Day celebration is ancient in nature and thousands of years older than the present US and international culture of celebrating. There was also the culture of Mata Tirtha Aunshi (Mother s Pilgrimage Fortnight) in North Eastern India where in April in the Krishna Paksha of Baisakh month pilgrimage is made to Mata Kunda to worship living mothers and mothers who have left the earth.
Approximately 20 million people celebrated the first Earth Day. In America participation was high in schools which ten thousand grade schools and high schools two thousand colleges participating. Amazing numbers considering the event started as a grassroots movement. Government Actions The strength of the Earth Day movement was clear to legislatures. Following Earth Day s success the U.S. government passed laws that targeted cleaner living. In 1970 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was established. The Clean Air Act followed with a focus on reducing air pollution with the Clean Water Act doing likewise for water clean-up in 1972. The U.S. also passed the Endangered Species Act to protect animals from extinction.