Earth Day Gifts / February 25, 2019 / Blanche Durham
This festival is called Pathare Pravu meaning Mother s Day. The festival follows the legend of a mother whose children never used to live beyond the first year of their birth. The Pathare Pravu Mother s Day celebration is ancient in nature and thousands of years older than the present US and international culture of celebrating. There was also the culture of Mata Tirtha Aunshi (Mother s Pilgrimage Fortnight) in North Eastern India where in April in the Krishna Paksha of Baisakh month pilgrimage is made to Mata Kunda to worship living mothers and mothers who have left the earth.
In 1962 marine biologist Rachel Carson published Silent Spring. The book talked about the commonly used toxic pesticides used in agriculture and daily life. The title referred to the consequences of the devastating pesticides: a world without birds. Surprisingly Silent Spring became a hit. Americans cared and they wanted the facts. In 1968 the world saw the entire Earth for the first time. Apollo astronauts photographed the planet on their flight home from the moon. The Earth looked beautiful with its swirls of blues and whites. The photo provided a startling awareness: people saw Earth as vulnerable and needing human care.
Approximately 20 million people celebrated the first Earth Day. In America participation was high in schools which ten thousand grade schools and high schools two thousand colleges participating. Amazing numbers considering the event started as a grassroots movement. Government Actions The strength of the Earth Day movement was clear to legislatures. Following Earth Day s success the U.S. government passed laws that targeted cleaner living. In 1970 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was established. The Clean Air Act followed with a focus on reducing air pollution with the Clean Water Act doing likewise for water clean-up in 1972. The U.S. also passed the Endangered Species Act to protect animals from extinction.